A two-minute warning stoppage in American Football occurs twice during a four-quarter game. The pause occurs in the second and fourth quarters of every game. The clock stops at the conclusion of the two-minute mark, and it acts as a mini timeout for teams to strategize on what to do next. So what is the history of the two-minute warning, why it began, and why does it still exist today? Here is the entire breakdown of the two-minute warning in American Football.
When Did the Two-Minute-Warning Begin in American Football?
The two minute-warning began in the NFL in 1942. During this time, no official game clock was present for fans and players to see. Since no stadium clock counted down the time left in the match, the refs had a two-minute warning to alert the players and fans how much time was left.
Clock Change at NFL Stadiums
While more NFL stadiums began adding official game clocks for everyone to see, the two-minute warning was still part of NFL games. Even though the original purpose of the two-minute notification was to let everyone know how much time remained in the contest, the league saw it as an essential and strategic part of the game. The break-in action allows teams to huddle up and strategize what they will do next, even without a timeout.
What Happens at the 2 Minute Warning During Football Games?
During the 2-minute warning in American Football, both teams can regroup on the field or sidelines and discuss strategy during the stoppage in action. Also, since this is a pause in the act, you typically see commercial breaks on TV. The two-minute warning lasts two minutes, allowing TV and radio advertisers to squeeze in a few ads before the action resumes.
How Many Two Minute Warnings are there in Football?
There are only 2 two minute-warnings during a four-quarter football game. If the game goes into overtime, there is another two-minute warning if it gets to that stage. During the playoffs in overtime, there is no 2 -minute overtime in the first overtime period. However, if the game continues into the second overtime and beyond, there is one 2 minute overtime per period.
Does the 2:00 Minute Mark Stop the Action No Matter What?
The two-minute warning only occurs when the play clock reaches 2:00, and the completion of the play concludes. For example, a team might run the ball with 2:10 left on the clock, but they fumble it. The defending team recovers the ball and runs it until tackled with the fumble recovery. The game clock is now at 1:47 after this tackle, and the two-minute warning starts. Even though the game clock is 1:47, both teams enter a two-minute break and then resume action with 1:47 left in the game.
How Do Teams Use the Two-Minute Warning to their Advantage?
If the offense is down in the score, they might try and preserve their timeouts, so they will run or throw the ball and run out of bounds to stop the clock. With the 2-minute warning approaching, teams can run a play in the middle of the field and then have the 2-minute warning stop the action, which doesn’t cost them a timeout.
What is the Two-Minute Drill?
Teams practice a first and second half two-minute drill in practices before games. These two-minute drills simulate scenarios when a team only has two minutes to march down the field and score a touchdown. Sometimes they will have no timeouts, while others will have a few. Teams practice this two-minute drill to simulate what will happen if they are in the same scenario.
What is the 10-Second Runoff?
After the two-minute warning during an American Football game, there is a 10-second runoff that occurs only for the offense. The 10-second runoff prevents an offense from getting an unfair late advantage, especially when they are out of timeouts. Common reasons for the penalty include
- Intentional grounding.
- Creating a false start on purpose to stop the clock.
- QB throws a backward pass out of bounds.
An Example of Why the 10-Second Runoff Exists
For example, let’s say that a team has the ball with 15 seconds left on the clock. They are trying to get their players back to the line of scrimmage to spike the ball to stop the clock, but it is taking too long. To stop the clock, the center moves early and interacts with a defender to create a false start, which stops the clock.
The referee in this situation above will call a 10-second runoff violation because the play was only run to stop the action. With that being the case, the new play begins with 10 seconds taken off the clock, which means that the offense only has 5 seconds left on the game clock. If less than 10 seconds are on the game clock, the game officially ends on this call.
Finally, an injured player on the field when the team has no timeouts can result in a 10-second runoff. The other team can choose to have 10 seconds taken off the clock when there is an injury.
Does College Football or High School Football Have a 2 Minute Warning?
NCAA Football and High School Football does not have any two-minute warnings during their game day matchups.
Does Canadian Football or Arena Football Have Something Similar?
Does Hockey or Basketball Have Something Similar?
Professional hockey and basketball don’t have anything like the two-minute warning like the National Football League has. The only similar thing is the seventh inning stretch in Major League Baseball, which is a brief pause in action towards the end of a game.
Conclusion: What is the Two Minute Warning in Football?
In summary, the two-minute warning began to alert both teams on how much time remained during a game. Today, the two-minute warning is a time to regroup as a team and strategize on what to do next. Not only is the pause in action a way for teams to strategize, but the delay builds up the excitement for the final moments of a football game, which is great for players and fans.