Why is Fighting Allowed in Hockey?

Why is Fighting Allowed in Hockey

Ice Hockey is an extremely rough sport and one of the few that promotes fighting outside the standard gameplay. NHL players in 2019 took place in .19 fights per game, which is down considerably from .60 fights per game in ten years ago. In total, 238 hockey fights took place during 2019. A common question is why NHL players are allowed to fight in games. To answer that question, we first need to understand the sport and why fighting is part of the sports’ DNA.


The Nature of NHL Games

During hockey games, you’ll see plenty of hard-hitting action as players go after the ice puck. Some physical play with professional hockey players includes hip checking, body checking, tripping, and more on each play. Playing rough and hard is part of hockey, but sometimes fights will occur after a hit. Hockey players generally have a good idea if a battle will happen or not after a hit, so sometimes pure emotion will create a fight. Some fights may occur even if there was no hard hit, but I will get into the reasons for fights below in more detail.


Reasons Why Fights May Begin

Hockey Fight Rules

The most common reason for an ice hockey fight pertains to retaliation against your opponent. Retaliation can mean a handful of things, but most relate to another player striking your teammate on the ice. Other retaliations could pertain to an incident earlier in the season that did not receive closure. For example, your star player may have gotten hurt from a team in that season, so you want to make a statement the next time you play via a fight.


Another reason for brawls is a way to rally your team to play better on the ice. If your star player sustains an injury during a game or your organization is losing by a lot, you may want to fight. Winning a fight can improve the morale of the team, and can make the team play better due to the new motivation.


Competitive games usually bring the most intense pressure on any hockey game. For example, you can expect plenty of cheap shots when the Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadians are playing each other on the ice. Due to the rivalry of these two franchises, fans, coaches, and players can be ready for physical altercations. Here is a guide to all NHL rivalries if you are curious.


Finally, intimidation is another reason to fight in hockey. Any chance to make the other team nervous when crossing the blue line towards a defenseman is an advantage. The fear of getting hit, or getting into a fight, can be an excellent advantage for any team.


What are the Rules for Fighting in Ice Hockey?

Fighting, formerly know as Fisticuffs in 1922 as Rule 46, was the official name for fighting in the National Hockey League. Unlike a traditional brawl that you might see in the MLB, hockey fights are an art form since everyone is on skates. However, there are unwritten rules for fighting that NHL players need to remember, which I list below.


Most fights begin with two players chirping back and forth to each other, agreeing to fight, throwing off the gloves, and getting into a battle. Once the fight begins, the referees pause the game to allow the players to compete. Generally, both players start the altercation by grabbing on each other for a few moments to gather balance and then begin punching. After throwing a few punches, the refs start breaking up the fight if one person is losing the match.


Why Do Hockey Players Take Their Gloves off to Fight?

Hockey fans may wonder why players take their gloves off right before a fight. The primary reason for NHL players taking the gloves off is a sign of respect that a battle is about to take place. If one player does not drop their gloves, players take that the code that the other side does not want to fight. If you decide to fight with your gloves on during an NHL game, you’ll receive a suspension from the league. Another note is that players can’t fight with their hockey sticks during a battle on the ice.


What is an Enforcer in Hockey?

An enforcer in hockey is the tough guy on the team who gets into fights. While an unofficial role in the league, you will see most teams have that one goon on their side who can respond to dirty plays on the ice. The enforcer typically stands up for their teammates by checking and or fighting the opposing teams after big hits. Most hockey games don’t carry more than one enforcer on their bench but will bring that player in throughout a hockey game in retaliation.


Is there a Penalty for Fighting in the NHL?

Fighting during hockey games sends you to the penalty box for five minutes. Each side has one player enter the penalty box since fighting takes place between two members, so there is no uneven amount of players on the ice. Even if you win or lose the fight, you still go to the penalty box for five minutes.


There are many different types of penalties in hockey during a game. The classification of penalties includes delayed, minor, and major during a hockey game. A major penalty is an NHL fight that takes place during a game.


Do Goalies Ever Get into Fights?

Goalie fights, while rare, can take place during an NHL game. Most goalie fights happen when the rest of the NHL players are fighting each other. Goalies don’t get sent to the penalty box for fighting, but instead, have a player on their team take that seat. The only way for a goalie to leave a game outside of an injury is by receiving an ejection. However, goalies use to sit in the penalty box during the 1941 and 1942 seasons after a fight.


Is Fighting Allowed in the NHL Playoffs?

Unlike the regular season where there are minor penalties for fighting, the postseason serves greater discipline. Any form of combat that occurs via the second time is subject to a player suspension for the next playoff game. With the fear of a game suspension taking place, many teams stay away from fighting during a playoff game or Stanley Cup final. Rule changes like an immediate suspension are a welcome sign to hockey fans who don’t want to see their star players hurt during a fight.


Why Do the Refs in NHL Not Stop Players When they Start Punching Each Other?

Refs and Their Role with NHL Fights

Since fighting is part of hockey, refs act as the referee, almost like you would see during a boxing match. Since both players are choosing to fight each other, the ref is there as a moderator. Until the right becomes out of hand, you will see the ref stand by during the actual fight.


Another reason why refs don’t break up fights is for hockey fans. Fighting in hockey makes hockey fans go crazy, so refs don’t want to ruin the moment between teams and fans. Unless it is during a playoff game or Stanley Cup match, refs usually let the players work out their differences via a fight.


Has Anyone Died From a Hockey Fight?

Back in 1968, Bill Masterton sadly passed away from a hockey fight. Previous head injuries and concussions may have attributed to the death of the hockey player after a battle, however. Today, NHL teams and the NHL commissioner have strict guidelines on addressing possible concussions to prevent anything fatal like that incident with Bill Masterton.


Is the NHL Trying to Stop Fights?

According to the data at the start of the article, fighting per game is significantly down from ten years ago. Gary Bettman, the NHL commission, brings down fighting by updating the rule book with new penalties for starting fights. The two new punishments via NHL fights include the Instigator and Aggressor penalties.


The Instigator penalty includes one member who starts the fight on the ice. Beginning the battle first involves dropping the gloves early and or skating over to the opposing player to fight them. The instigator’s penalty includes being down one man for two minutes, a ten-minute misconduct penalty, and a five-minute major depending on the severity of the issue.


Aggressor penalties include someone who is trying to fight another hockey player who does not want to fight. An Aggressor includes someone who won a fistfight but continues to throw punches as the ref breaks up the fight. Including the standard five minute penalty in the penalty box, Aggressors can serve suspensions after the game. An aggressor penalty is reviewable by the league, so the severity of getting this penalty helps reduce the amount of fighting in the league.


Should NHL Players Be Ejected for Fighting?

Since the beginning of the NHL league back in 1917, fighting continues to be part of the DNA of the sport. While the association and commission Gary Bettman are lowering the number of fights per game, they are not ejecting players. Unlike the NBA, MLB, and NFL, where fighting gets an immediate ejection, the NHL gives minor penalties. Since combat is part of the DNA and culture of the league, players won’t be getting an ejection for getting into a fight.


When Hockey Players Fight, Why Isn’t It Considered Assault?

While no official law protects NHL players from filing an assault claim for fighting, there is a code in playing the game. Since battle happens when both sides agree, you have a gentlemen’s agreement similar to boxing. NHL fights have legal protection in most cases because a ref is there to watch and monitor everything. If anything becomes out of hand via the NHL fight, a ref is there to break up the altercation.


Even though NHL fights are a gentlemen’s agreement, there have been legal cases brought up via fights in the past. Most notably, in 2004, Todd Bertuzzi was charged for assault after sucker-punching a Colorado Avalanche player from behind. The sucker punch from behind was unsportsmanlike conduct, but went outside the game and into civil court due to the severity of the issue. The Colorado Avalanche player, Steve Moore, sued Bertuzzi in civil court because that resulted in his early retirement.


Who Fights the Most in the NHL?

The NHL player with the most fights in their career is Tie Domi. Time Domi, over his sixteen-year career, has more penalty minutes than any other player for fighting. He owns the record with 333 fights during his hockey-playing career.


What NHL Teams that Get in the Most Fights?

As of June 11, 2020, we have the Anaheim Ducks leading the leagues with 25 fights. Coming in at second place with 21 fights is the New York Rangers. In third and fourth place, you have the Boston Bruins and Ottawa Senators with 20 fights each. At 17 fights, you have the New York Islanders, Tampa Bay Lightning, and Washington Capitals at the top of the league via fights.


Is Fighting Allowed Outside the NHL?

While fighting is part of the National Hockey League, other leagues don’t allow fighting. For example, the Olympics, NCAA, and European Hockey Leagues greatly discourage any sort of fighting. If there is any type of battle or brawl at a hockey game, players receive a severe punishment. A harsh punishment usually means a suspension from the next game, so players don’t want to risk getting that punishment. Also, the Canadian Junior Hockey in 2014 adopted an ejection model for anyone causing game misconduct via fighting.


TV + Fan Viewership

One reason why fighting takes place in hockey games is for the TV and fan viewership. Fights typically make the highlight reel on TV programs like ESPN, so it is additional air coverage for the sport. Hockey fans also get into the fights by banging on the glass near the action. NHL fights also are part of a team’s DNA, so some teams like the Detroit Red Wings, Philadelphia Flyers, and Boston Bruins like to be known as tough guys on the ice.



Hockey is a more physical sport than the MLB and NBA, so expect fights to take place on a more frequent basis. Most fighting takes place due to retaliation via a cheap shot, but other fights are a way to motivate your team to play better. While fights per game are going down each season, you still see NHL fights take place during games. At this time, you won’t see the NHL trying to ban fighting between players.


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