Basketball games are quick with action on the court. However, sometimes you will see or hear the ref blow their whistle against a player, resulting in a game delay. You might not understand what is going on since the action was so quick a few moments ago.
If you see a referee point their hand towards a player, they probably got a technical foul. That might be odd since you didn’t see anything occur. If that is the case, keep reading to learn about a technical foul, examples, and more in this post!
What are Examples of a Technical Foul in Basketball?
Technical fouls are unsportsmanlike conduct during a basketball game. A player and or coach can receive this violation for their behavior during a match. Below are some common infraction examples of when a technical foul will occur during a game.
- Calling a timeout when you don’t have any left in the game (excessive timeouts)
- Coaches box violations, which mean a head coach interfering with a player or the ball
Damaging the rim on a dunk
- Dunking during a dead ball moment
- Entering the game without being announced by the referee
- Excessive profanity to the opposing team
- Fighting another player
- Grabbing the basketball from the ref after a free throw
- Interfering with the ball after a field goal or free throw
- Physically touching a referee, which is illegal contact
- Placing your hand over the face of your opponent
- Shattering the backboard on a dunk
- Taking a seat in the crowd after foul or during regular play
- Taunting the opposing team, an opposing player, and or referee
- Throwing the ball, your mouthpiece, water bottle, or something else at the referee
How Many Shots are in a Technical Foul?
One free throw shot occurs during a technical foul and a loss of ball possession for the team that commits the foul. Neither the offense or defense lines up to guard against a rebound from a technical foul.
What Happens After a Technical Foul Occurs?
When a technical foul occurs during a basketball game, the referee will blow on their whistle and signal a letter, T. The signal of the letter T tells the official scorekeeper what took place to record in the scorebook. The referee will sometimes point and or call out the name and number of the player too.
After the call, one opposing player, who was already on the court, goes to the free-throw line to take a shot with nobody on offense or defense. Taking a free throw without anyone on offense or defense is different from a traditional free throw. Also, the official shot clock stays at 14 seconds or moves to 14 seconds for the offense team after a technical foul call.
What Happens if a Player or Coach Receives Two Technical Fouls in the Same Game?
If a player or coach receives two technical fouls in a game, they receive an ejection via disqualification. Depending on the severity of the situation, they can expect a fine and or suspension from the league.
What are the WNBA Technical Foul Rules?
Women’s basketball technical foul rules are similar to the NBA. The technical foul results in a free throw and a penalty loss of possession against the team. Fines against players or coaches can occur if the penalty is egregious.
What are the NCAA Technical Foul Rules?
There are three main categories when it comes to NCAA technical fouls. Each of these fouls below doesn’t count against a team fouls count.
- Class A: Unsportsmanlike conduct, which results in two free throws and a loss of ball possession
- Class B: Generally minor calls like holding on to the rim too long, slapping the backboard, and stepping out of the coaching box too often. Class B results in one free throw for the other team and a loss of ball possession.
- Administrative Technical Foul: Too many players on the court, excessive timeouts, and defective equipment. An administrative, technical foul results in one free throw attempt and loss of ball possession
Do Refs Need to Give a Warning Before a Technical Foul?
There is no warning necessary before a referee calls a technical foul. It is up to the referee’s discretion to determine if they should or should not call a technical foul. However, sometimes you might see the ref warn the player to knock it off as a courtesy gesture to keep the game moving.
For example, there is always a bit of showboat after one player does something against a defensive player, so the ref won’t immediately call a technical foul. However, if the taunting goes to a new level which could look like a threat, the referee can call that penalty during the basketball game. Calling that penalty might stop a fight from occurring, which is why the foul is part of the game and up to the referee to enforce.
Who has the Most Technical Fouls in NBA History?
According to Fadeaway World, as of October 2021, Karl Malone has the most technical fouls in the NBA with 332. Next is Charles Barkley with 329 and Rasheed Wallace with 317. Here are the top ten players with the most technical fouls in the game.
- Karl Malone: 332
- Charles Barkley: 329
- Rasheed Wallace: 317
- Gary Payton: 250
- Dennis Rodman: 212
- Anthony Mason: 192
- Dirk Nowitzki: 192
- Russell Westbrook: 183
- Dwight Howard: 178
- Kevin Garnett: 172
What is the Fine for Technical Fouls?
A technical foul during a game results in a fine and or suspension of that player. The severity of the fine and suspension depends on how many a player racks up during the season. For example, getting between 1-5 technical fouls during the regular season results in a $2k fine. You can read the entire breakdown of fines during the regular season and playoffs on NBA.com.
Can a Technical Foul Follow a Personal Foul?
Yes, a technical foul can follow a personal foul during a basketball game. For example, a defensive player might foul an offensive player during a regular play, which results in the offensive player going to the free-throw line. A technical foul might occur before getting to the free-throw line if a player starts arguing with the referee about that personal foul call. If the technical foul is announced, the technical free throw will occur before the personal foul free throw.
What is the Difference Between a Technical Foul and a Flagrant Foul?
A technical foul doesn’t always need to include physical contact, while a flagrant foul does. For example, a technical foul in basketball can occur if one player is taunting another. On the other hand, a flagrant foul has lots of contact that might result in an injury. Depending on how severe the flagrant fouls were via unsportsmanlike conduct, you might see an immediate ejection.
Conclusion: What is a Technical Foul in Basketball?
In summary, a technical foul is an unsportsmanlike conduct during a basketball game from either a coach or a player. The rule keeps the game’s flow moving without creating an unsafe environment via the playing area. For example, a quick taunt might not result in a technical foul, but excessive taunting might lead to a fight. Before that occurs, you will see an NBA ref step in to call the violation before things become ugly between the two teams.