Penalty kicks are free kicks that happen when a soccer player is fouled in the penalty area during a game. These are a high-stress part of a match and can easily swing momentum in favor of a team if they score or properly defend a penalty kick. Here is everything you need to know about penalty kicks in soccer.
When Does a Player Take a Penalty Kick?
Penalty kicks occur whenever a player commits a foul in their own penalty area. Several fouls would cause penalty kicks, including handball fouls and many physical penalties. Illegal contact like charging, pushing, tripping, and tackles result in penalty kicks.
Referees can also assign penalty kicks due to severe or egregious infractions like throwing an item onto the field or biting an opponent.
A referee may award a penalty kick, a yellow card for some fouls, or even a red card. These cards occur because an offending player committed a single, egregious foul to warrant the penalty kick, like a severe tackle. A referee may assign several different penalties if a defensive player commits multiple fouls on a single play.
Where Does a Player Shoot a Penalty Shot From on the Field?
Only the goaltender and the kicker can be in the penalty box at the start of a penalty kick. All other players must remain beyond the penalty arc and wait until the shooter kicks the ball. Before the kick, the ball is on a field marking called the penalty mark, which is 11 meters away from the goal line. The penalty kicker can only kick the ball forward and make juking or feinting motions during the run-up before they kick the ball.
What Does the Goalie Do During a Penalty Shot?
The goalkeeper can move before the kick but must stay between the two goal posts without touching the goal net, crossbar, or goalposts themselves. To allow a fair kick attempt, they must have at least one foot on or behind the goal line. Once the shooter kicks the ball, the goalie needs to block the shot or stop the ball from going into the net.
Can There Be New Penalties During a Penalty Kick?
A few penalties can happen during a penalty kick, leading to the referee waving off the kick attempt. For example, encroachment by the defending team results in a re-kick, while encroachment by the attacking team waives the attempt and results in an indirect free kick. The attacking team gets an indirect free-kick if the kicker moves the ball backward.
What Happens After the Penalty Kick?
Two outcomes occur from a penalty kick if there are no penalties.
- The attacking team receives a goal if the defending goalkeeper misses the penalty kick and the ball goes into the net.
- If the goalie makes a save, both teams resume playing with no changes to the box score.
What is the History of the Penalty Kick?
Before 1872, there was no way for referees to penalize players for violation of the laws of the game. In 1872, the governing bodies made their first attempts to try and punish poor play. The first penalty for illegal actions on the field was the indirect free kick.
This free kick penalty came from fouls like illegal ball handling and sought to reward teams for playing cleanly. However, critics thought this penalty was inadequate when handball fouls and similar penalties interfered with scoring opportunities.
To adequately discourage players from committing a foul to prevent scoring opportunities, association leaders in 1882 decided to award the offended team automatically with a goal. That solution only lasted one season before leaders went back to the drawing board to develop a new solution to scoring penalties.
Eight years later, William McCrum, a goalkeeper for the Milford Football Club, suggested using direct free-kicks as punishment for interfering fouls. He presented his suggestion to the Irish Football Association in 1890, who later brought it to the International Football Association Board (IFAB.) The board adopted the penalty kick in the next year.
When Did the First Penalty Kick Occur?
The first penalty kick scored in the Football League was taken and scored by Wolverhampton Wanderers player Billy Heath on September 14, 1891, against Accrington Football Club.
Can Games End in a Tie?
Most fans know that soccer is a rare sport that can end in a tie. However, there are several situations where there must be a winner at the end of a soccer game. For example, some games must end in an actual win in tournaments like the FIFA World Cup.
Federations use one of three tie-breaking methods established by the Game’s Laws for tournaments and the World Cup. These methods are extra time (or overtime,) the away-goals rule (which works in games as part of a home-and-home series), and penalty kick shootouts.
What is the Penalty Shootout in a Soccer Game?
The penalty shootout tiebreaker gives each team five kicks to win the game. A winner occurs when either team gets three goals first or has an insurmountable lead. Kicks in a shootout are laid out similarly to those during regulation time.
To start the sequence of penalty kicks, the referee will flip a coin to decide which team gets the first kick. Then, each team will take turns fielding a kicker. If there is no winner after five rounds, the shootout goes into a sudden-death contest, where the first team to score wins.
How Often are Penalty Shots Successful?
According to an article from WBUR in 2014, 81% of World Cup penalty shots are successful goals. Another more recent data trend from InStat shows that over 70% of penalty shots result in a goal for men’s and women’s soccer.
Is there any Criticism in the Penalty Shootout in Soccer?
Some critics of the game believe that the high percentage of penalty shot goal completion plus a little bit of luck results in an anticlimactic win for those teams. Others say teams might try and push the game to a penalty kick shot attempt to try their luck there to win a game. Especially that over 70% of the shots go in via a penalty kick, there might be something behind that theory.
Despite these criticisms, the shootout is one of the best solutions for finding an ultimate winner in a scoreless game.
Conclusion about Penalty Kicks in Soccer
Penalty kicks are one of the most common fouls during a match. If any player commits a penalty in their penalty area, the opposing team will be awarded penalty kicks as a result. Since a player is more likely than not to score on a penalty kick, this can be a momentum-shifting part of the game, which is exciting for fans on both sides of the pitch to watch.